? Air temperature must be between 15° and 38°C (59°
and 100°F) during this procedure.
? After this test, or any subsequent repair, reset the
Engine Control Module (ECM)/Powertrain Control
Module (PCM) to clear any Diagnostic Trouble Codes
(DTCs) (see page 11-4).
? The battery must be in good condition and full charged
(see page 22A-59).
? Use a starter system tester.
? Connect and operate the equipment in accordance with
the manufacturer's instructions.
?? Hook up the following equipment:
? Ammeter, 0 - 400 A
? Voltmeter, 0 - 20 V (accurate within 0.1 volt)
? Tachometer, 0 - 1200 rpm (min
?? Remove the No. 6 (15A) fuse from the under-hood
?? With the shift lever in [N] or [P] (A/T), turn the
ignition switch to start (III).
<HV The starting system is OK.?
1R If starter will not crank the engine at all, go to
step 4. If it cranks the engine erratically or too
slowly, go to step 7. If it won?t disengage from
the flywheel or torque converter ring gear
when you release the key, check for the
following until you find the cause.
? Solenoid plunger and switch malfunction
? Dirty drive gear or damaged overrunning clutch
?? Check the battery condition. Check electrical
connections at the battery, the negative battery
cable to body, the engine ground cables and the
starter for looseness and corrosion. Then try
starting the engine again.
<HV Repairing the loose connection repaired the
problem. The starting system is OK.?
1R Go to step 5.
?? Make sure the transmission is in neutral, then
disconnect the BLK/WHT wire (A) from the starter
solenoid (B). Connect a jumper wire from the
battery positive terminal to the solenoid terminal.
<HV Go to step 6.
1R Remove the starter, and repair or replace as